Role-based access control (#rbac) is a widely used approach in Identity Access Management (IAM) systems for managing and controlling access to resources within an organization. It provides a flexible and scalable method of defining and enforcing access policies based on users' roles, responsibilities, and job functions.
In RBAC, access permissions are associated with roles rather than individual users. Each user is assigned one or more roles, and each role is granted specific permissions to perform certain actions or access particular resources.
This role-to-permission mapping simplifies the administration and maintenance of access control policies, especially in organizations with numerous users and resources.
Here's a look at the key components and concepts within RBAC:
1️⃣ Roles: Roles represent a collection of related job functions or responsibilities within an organization. Examples of roles could include "manager," "developer," or "administrator." Roles are defined based on the organization's structure and requirements.
2️⃣ Permissions: Permissions define the actions or operations that can be performed on specific resources. They include activities like read, write, create, delete, or execute. Permissions are associated with specific roles rather than individual users.
3️⃣ Users: Users are individuals who require access to resources within the system. Each user is assigned one or more roles based on their job function or responsibilities.
4️⃣ Access Control Policies: Access control policies define the mapping between roles and the permissions associated with those roles. These policies determine which actions or operations each role is allowed to perform and which resources they can access.
5️⃣ Access Enforcement: The RBAC system enforces access control policies by checking the roles assigned to a user and granting or denying access based on the permissions associated with those roles. This ensures that users have the appropriate level of access to resources based on their roles and responsibilities.
6️⃣ Role Assignment: Role assignment is the process of associating roles with individual users. This can be done manually by administrators or automatically based on predefined rules or user attributes.
7️⃣ Role Hierarchy: RBAC can include role hierarchies where certain roles are considered higher in authority than others. Roles higher in the hierarchy inherit the permissions of roles lower in the hierarchy. This allows for the creation of more granular access control policies.